Important Years

Important dates for gender equality in the Nordic countries
Facts and statistics Denmark Finland Iceland Norway Sweden
Men gain universal suffrage and the right to be elected into parliament 1849 *1906 *1903 *1898 *1909 *
Unmarried women gain legal majority (at age 25) 1857 *1864 *1861 *1863 *1863 *
Women gain the right to operate a business 1857 *1919 *1887 *1866 *1846 *
Equal inheritance rights for women and men 1857 *1878 *1850 *1854 *1845 *
Women are granted control of their own earnings 1857 (unmarried women) / 1880 (married women) *1864 (unmarried women) / 1889 (married women) *1861 (unmarried) / 1900 (married women) *No information *1863 (unmarried women) /1874 (married women) *
Women gain the right to obtain an academic degree 1875 *1901 *1904 *1884 *1873 *
Married women gain legal majority (at age 25) 1899 *1930 *1900 *1888 *1921 (age 21) *
Women gain municipal suffrage and the right to be elected into municipal governments 1908 *1917 *1908 *1910 *1919 *
Women gain universal suffrage and the right to be elected into parliament 1915 *1906 *1920 *1913 *1921 *
The first female minister 1924 *1926 *1970 *1948 *1947 *
Ratification of the International Labor Organization’s (a UN agency) Convention 100 on equal pay for equal work regardless of sex 1960 *1963 *1958 *1959 *1962 *
Birth Control Pills Legalised 1966 *1961 *1967 *1967 *1964 *
Right to Abortion 1973 *1970 *1975 *1978 *1975 *
First parental leave insurance that grants fathers the right to parental leave in connection with childbirth 1983 *1978 *1981 *1977 *1974 *
Law on equality between women and men passed 1988 *1987 *1976 *1978 *1980 *
Female employees cannot be fired on the grounds of pregnancy, childbirth or parental leave 1989 *1971 *1987 *1977 *1939 *
Nordic action plan for gender equality 1989 *1989 *1989 *1989 *1989 *
The current legislation regulating the sharing of parental leave between parents goes into effect 2002 *2003 *2016 *2014 *2016 *
First female prime minister 2011 *2003 *2009 *1981 *Has not occurred *
Same-sex marriage 2012 *2015 *2010 *2009 *2009 *
Signature of the Council of Europe’s convention on preventing and combating domestic violence and violence against women (the Istanbul Convention 2011) 2013 *2011 *2011 *2011 *2011 *
Ratification of the Council of Europe’s convention on preventing and combating domestic violence and violence against women (the Istanbul Convention 2011) 2014 *2015 *Not ratified *Not ratified *2014 *
Logotype Nordic Council of Ministers Logotype Swedish Secretariat for Gender Research Logotype University of Gothenburg