Greenland

Greenland’s Gender Equality Objectives
Gender Equality Policy in Greenland – Organisation
Gender Mainstreaming in Greenland
Gender Equality Work in Greenland – Background Greenland colours

Greenland’s Gender Equality Objectives

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The central aim of Greenland’s gender equality policy is to give women and men equal opportunities to shape their lives. According to Greenland’s autonomous government, all policy interventions to advance gender equality shall focus on areas in society characterised by gender inequality and where gender equality can contribute to sustainable development.

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Present Organisation of Gender Equality Policy in Greenland

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The Minister for Education, Church, Culture & Gender Equality in Greenland’s autonomous government (Naalakkersuisut) has the overarching responsibility for gender equality matters and the implementation of the gender equality legislation. All policy areas must be gender mainstreamed, and the home rule act on equality between women and men from 2013 (Inatsisartutlov nr. 3 af 29. november 2013 om ligestilling af mænd og kvinder) provides that all public agencies are in charge of all gender equality matters within their respective areas of responsibility.

Greenland’s Council of Gender Equality (Naligiissitaanissamut Siunnersuisoqatigiit) promotes gender equality at a broad level and helps implement the autonomous government’s gender equality objectives. It also investigates issues related to gender equality, either on its own initiative or following a complaint. Moreover, the Council monitors developments in and around Greenland and advises the autonomous government, municipalities and the public on gender equality matters. Each year, it presents a gender equality report to the Cabinet and the Parliament.

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Greenland’s Gender Mainstreaming

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Illustration: Emma Hanquist

Illustration: Emma Hanquist

Greenland’s government mandates that all policy areas must be gender mainstreamed. The Home Rule Act on Equality Between Women and Men (2013) provides that all public agencies are in charge of all gender equality matters within their respective areas of responsibility.

The Government of Greenland has a special focus on violence against women and to reduce the number of abortions.

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Greenland’s Gender Equality work – a Background

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Greenland’s gender equality policy has been characterised by late entry of women in the political arena and late institutionalisation of gender equality policy compared with the Nordic countries. The institutionalisation of Greenland’s gender equality policy began in 1985 in connection with the formation of a gender equality committee at the government level. In 1998, the committee was replaced with the Council of Gender Equality.

Greenland’s gender equality legislation can be found in the Home Rule Act no. 5 1998 on Greenland’s gender equality council, Home Rule Act no. 7 2003 on equality between women and men and Home Rule Act no. 8 2003 on changes in the home rule act on Greenland’s gender equality council. In 1998 the gender equality policy was also strengthened as a secretariat was established and economic resources were earmarked specifically for gender equality policy.

Gender equality matters received increased attention in 2003. Laws were revised, changing the composition of the Council of Gender Equality and strengthening the protection against gender discrimination and the obligation of authorities and businesses to promote gender equality. In 2013, the three acts mentioned above were combined into one new act, Home Rule Act no. 3 from 29 November 2013 on equality between men and women.

The institutionalisation of Greenland’s gender equality policy began in 1985 in connection with the formation of a gender equality committee at the government level. In 1998, the committee was replaced with the Council of Gender Equality.

The first gender equality minister (Minister for Social Affairs and Gender Equality) was appointed in 2011.

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Logotype Nordic Council of Ministers Logotype Swedish Secretariat for Gender Research Logotype University of Gothenburg