Important years

Milestones for gender equality in Iceland
Facts and statistics Iceland
Equal inheritance rights for women and men 1850 *
Unmarried women gain legal majority (at age 25) 1861 *
Women are granted control of their own earnings 1861 (unmarried) / 1900 (married women) *
Women gain the right to operate a business 1887 *
Married women gain legal majority (at age 25) 1900 *
Men gain universal suffrage and the right to be elected into parliament 1903 *
Women gain the right to obtain an academic degree 1904 *
Women gain municipal suffrage and the right to be elected into municipal governments 1908 *
Women gain universal suffrage and the right to be elected into parliament 1920 *
Ratification of the International Labor Organization’s (a UN agency) Convention 100 on equal pay for equal work regardless of sex 1958 *
Birth Control Pills Legalised 1967 *
The first female minister 1970 *
Right to Abortion 1975 *
Law on equality between women and men passed 1976 *
First female president 1980 *
First parental leave insurance that grants fathers the right to parental leave in connection with childbirth 1981 *
Female employees cannot be fired on the grounds of pregnancy, childbirth or parental leave 1987 *
Nordic action plan for gender equality 1989 *
First female prime minister 2009 *
Law against sex purchase 2009 *
Same-sex marriage 2010 *
Signature of the Council of Europe’s convention on preventing and combating domestic violence and violence against women (the Istanbul Convention 2011) 2011 *
The current legislation regulating the sharing of parental leave between parents goes into effect 2016 *
Gender-neutral military service No military *
Ratification of the Council of Europe’s convention on preventing and combating domestic violence and violence against women (the Istanbul Convention 2011) Not ratified *
Logotype Nordic Council of Ministers Logotype Swedish Secretariat for Gender Research Logotype University of Gothenburg