Read articles and news about current events in the Nordic countries regarding gender and gender equality. If you’re looking for something in particular, use our search function.
Nordic initiatives made impact at conference on men and gender equality
2018-05-24 | How can the prevailing masculinity norms be changed? This was the central issue discussed at the recent international conference on men and gender equality, ICMEO, arranged in Stockholm. The 2-day conference programme also covered topics such as methods to prevent violence in the Nordic countries.
Sweden arranges conference on men and gender equality
2018-04-03 | Sweden will arrange the 4th International Conference on Men and Equal Opportunities, ICMEO, in Stockholm on 15-16 May 2018. The Swedish Minister for Gender Equality, Lena Hallengren, will host the conference with international high-level participants also being featured in the programme. The Swedish Gender Equality Agency co-arranges the conference on behalf of the Swedish Minister of Gender Equality.
New Online Hate Crime Legislation May End Up Ineffective
2017-08-31 | How can the internet be made safer for vulnerable groups? Laws can influence norms, but the problem will not be solved by merely making it easier to take online haters to court.
New report sheds light on online hate speech legislation
2017-06-20 | A new report assessing the legal regulation of online hate speech in the Nordic countries from a gender equality perspective will be on 21 June. The question of how online hate speech can be stopped is more urgent than ever in the Nordic countries.
Feminist Parties Moving Forward in the Nordic Countries
2017-04-04 | Feminist political parties are enriching the political environment in an increasing number of Nordic countries. On Sunday, the Finnish Feminist Party will participate in the country’s municipal elections. The asylum issue and basic rights of refugees are high on their agenda.
Gender power structure and women’s situation in the labour market
2017-03-20 | A commonly raised question is why women are on sick leave from work more than men. But Sara Hultqvist, author of a recent report on sick leave and gender in the Nordic region, thinks that the question is incorrectly formulated. ‘What should be focused on instead is that some sectors of the labour market, in which mostly women work, offer unacceptable working conditions.’
Joint feminist struggle changed society in the Nordic region
2017-03-08 | Trump in the White House and growing right-wing populism in Europe. It is easy to feel frustrated with the situation in the world. However, it is important to remember the feminist advances that have been made and the multifaceted struggle that is underway around the globe. Today NIKK (Nordic Information on Gender) talks about reforms that have been critical to women’s economic independence and that may never have seen the light of day without feminist resistance and Nordic cooperation.
Male dominance at Nordic cinemas
2017-02-27 | Only six per cent of all films shown at Icelandic cinemas last year were directed by women, according to a gender equality review of film offerings in Sweden, Denmark and Iceland. The results of the review will be presented at the Stockholm Feminist Film Festival.
Iceland intent on eliminating the gender pay gap
2017-02-21 | How can the differences in pay between women and men be eliminated? Icelandic trade unions, employers´ confederation and government officials have developed an Equal pay management system, called “The Equal Pay Standard” that will help employers prevent salary discrimination and enable them to become certified. The country’s new gender equality minister wants to make the standard mandatory for all major employers.
Nordic networks initiate a discussion about gender norms
2017-02-16 | Young boys are repeatedly exposed to extreme gender ideals in films and advertisements. Men are often portrayed as strong lone wolves with a preference for violence as a means to solve problems. The Nordic MenEngage network wants to initiate a discussion about gender norms, change the stereotypical male norm and stop the violence. Today they are hosting a conference in Oslo.
A conference about gender equality in research environments
2017-01-18 | How can the field of physics become more gender equal, and what can international organisations do to help? These key questions will be addressed when the renowned European Organization for Nuclear Research CERN hosts a Gender in Physics Day (GiPD) on 27 January. Several representatives from Nordic science organisations will participate in the event.
Busy Finnish Presidency about to End
2016-12-19 | A Nordic expert panel on online sexism and hate speech at the UN women’s commission meeting in New York and an event focusing on gender equality in the Nordic media. These are two activities that the Finnish Presidency is particularly happy to have accomplished in the past year.
Gender research journals explore contemporary trends
2016-11-22 | The Nordic countries boast several research journals that together help push the field of gender research forward. One example is NORMA: International Journal for Masculinity Studies, which is celebrating its 10-year anniversary this year. The current issue of the journal looks for example at how masculinity research can help us understand Donald Trump’s success in the political arena.
Funding for research on gender equality in academia
2016-11-10 | The Nordic countries often find themselves at the very top of international gender equality rankings. But when it comes to the share of women at the higher levels in academia, the Nordic countries place right around the European average. Nordforsk, an organisation under the Nordic Council of Ministers, has granted NOK 41.8 million to two research projects aiming to change this.
Different paths to gender equality in Nordic academia
2016-11-01 | The higher the level in the academic hierarchy, the fewer the women. Several campaigns to increase the gender equality in academia are now underway in the Nordic countries.
Human Trafficking Calls for International Collaboration
2016-10-25 | Human trafficking has taken new forms and is placing new demands on legal systems. This week, experts from the Nordic countries are meeting to learn from each other.
Nordic Laws Against Online Threats And Hate Speech Analysed
2016-10-19 | Hate speech and sexism on the internet is a growing problem in the Nordic region. What legal protection can the victims expect? NIKK has launched a new project to review the applicable legislations in the Nordic countries.
Genital Mutilation in Focus at Nordic Conference
2016-10-13 | The fight against genital mutilation has been successful around the world. However, despite growing resistance against the practice, many girls remain at risk. In Nordic countries, there is a strong need for preventive work and education. A conference titled Female Genital Mutilation and Cutting – a Matter of Human Rights and Gender Equality begins today in Helsinki.
The design of parental insurance influences men’s use of it
2016-10-10 | Nordic dads take more parental leave than the world average. What are the reasons for this? A new fact sheet from NIKK explains what the parental insurance systems look like in the Nordic countries, and how the design affects fathers’ use of the right to parental leave. The fact sheet also sheds light on how the system rules can be complex or even dysfunctional for parents who do not conform to the heterosexual nuclear family norm.
Demand for Legislation Against Discriminating Advertising
2016-09-21 | Sweden is the only Nordic country without a law against sexist advertising. The other countries have legislation in place, but the issue is not receiving enough priority. Iceland is best-in-class when it comes to following up on violations, according to a new Nordic review presented today.
Identifying future feminist issues
2016-05-25 | Researchers and activists join forces in a new Nordic project to identify important feminist issues for the future. ‘We’re going to do a check-up on the feminist movements’, says project director Pauline Stoltz, researcher at Aalborg University in Denmark.
Finnish Gender Equality Programme Faces Critique
2016-05-18 | The Finnish government’s new gender equality programme is being criticised by the country’s gender equality experts. The programme, which points out the goals for the next four years, is described as a disappointment. ‘The most important issues are not included,’ says gender researcher Hanna Ylöstalo from The Finnish Youth Research Society.
How Do EU Decisions Affect Nordic Gender Equality?
2016-04-27 | The Nordic countries have long been pioneers and important exporters in the field of gender equality policy, yet they are increasingly affected by decisions made by the EU and other international organs. How does this influence the development in the region? This is investigated in a project titled Nordic Gender Equality Policy in a Europeanisation Perspective.
Positive trend stalled – women still underrepresented in STEM subjects
2016-04-13 | Women are strongly underrepresented in science, technology, engineering and mathematics. The positive trend of the past seems to have stalled, according to a study ordered by the Nordic Council of Ministers.
Nordic Film Project Wants to Break the Male Dominance
2016-04-05 | WIFT Nordic wants to improve the situation of women in the film industry. Today, men are benefiting from a disproportionate share of the available production support and overall space, which affects both the stories told and the characters displayed in the films. How can the situation be improved for women in this sector?
Upswing for Gender Research Following the Arab Spring
2016-03-31 | Arab gender research has seen a breakthrough and today almost all universities have their own centres for women’s studies or gender studies. An Arab-Nordic project has strengthened the connection between researchers in the two regions.
Lack of Legal Security for Victims of Online Violence
2016-03-21 | Online violence against women is on the rise and the laws in the Nordic countries are not keeping up. In a new Nordic project, women are interviewed about their attempts to seek justice.
Feminists from different continents give their take on the most pressing issues
2016-03-08 | Today is International Women's Day. To mark it NIKK and genus.se have asked activists, researchers and debaters from different continents to share their most important feminist issue. Read their responses below.
Difficult to identify Nordic investments in gender equality research
2016-03-03 | Gender equality is often mentioned as a strength and an important export of the Nordic countries. Yet neither the Research Council of Norway nor Norwegian and Finnish researchers think that enough funding is granted for research in the field. ‘There’s an interest, but the money granted for research projects is too limited in relation to the total research budgets,’ says Marjut Jyrkinen, Research Director at the University of Helsinki.
Widespread partner violence among young people
2016-02-23 | Gender-related violence among young couples is a widespread problem in the Nordic countries. A Nordic expert conference will be held in April to gather the best examples of how it can be stopped. ‘It’s important to start working with people at a young age,’ says Are Saastad from Reform – Resource Centre for Men in Norway.
Suggestion: Nordic men’s Week
2016-02-17 | A Nordic men’s week to bring attention to men’s health and overall situation, and a project acknowledging different types of families. A new report gives suggestions on how the Nordic Council of Ministers can address social and health issues with a gender equality perspective.
Inequalities in Health: Men Die, Women Suffer
2016-02-01 | Nordic men need to start seeing the doctor before it is too late. Nordic women need to become better at talking about their work environment. And the politicians who are crafting tomorrow’s health policy need to put on their gender spectacles. This and more was discussed at a recent conference in Turku appropriately titled How Are You Feeling, Nordic Region? The conference marked the beginning of the Finnish Presidency of the Nordic Council of Ministers in 2016.
Women are leaving Greenland
2016-01-14 | Women move away and men stay. The pattern can be noted in most rural areas in the Nordic countries. But in Greenland it is a matter of national survival. The gigantic island’s population, which amounts to only about 56 000 people, is expected to shrink over the next few decades.
More than half of the Faroese women work part time
2015-12-08 | Over 50 per cent of Faroese women work part time. According to Erika Hayfield, one likely reason for this is that many men leave home for extended periods to work in the fishing and offshore oil industries. Hayfield is in charge of the third study on part-time work, which focuses on the situation in the Faroe Islands, Greenland and Åland.
Male Dominance Remains after Recent Nordic Elections
2015-12-02 | Although it may seem obvious that political power should be distributed equally between women and men, the Nordic countries are not there yet. Faroe Island’s new cabinet of ministers boasts a perfect gender balance, but the parliament remains dominated by men. The same can be said after the recent general elections in Åland and municipal elections in Norway.
Tidskriften Lambda Nordica firar 20 år
2015-11-25 | Tjugoårsjubilerande Lambda Nordica har länge varit ensam i sitt slag i Norden. I framtiden siktar tidskriften på att bryta den anglo-amerikanska dominansen inom forskningsfältet lhbtq.
Teaching Preschool Workers to Analyse Gender Norms in Children’s Books
2015-11-17 | This article is from Kilden - kjonnsforskning.no
Anne Winsnes Rødland
Reform, The Norweigen resource centre for men, has launched a new website – genustest.no – to help preschool workers in the Nordic region analyse gender in children’s literature. Do the books promote gender equality? Or do they reinforce destructive gender stereotypes?
Anne Winsnes Rødland
Reform, The Norweigen resource centre for men, has launched a new website – genustest.no – to help preschool workers in the Nordic region analyse gender in children’s literature. Do the books promote gender equality? Or do they reinforce destructive gender stereotypes?
New Nordic teaching material will learn students about women´s rights
2015-11-02 | A new website will teach Nordic upper-secondary students about women’s rights and encourage engagement. The content is based on the UN Women’s Convention and the Beijing Platform for Action. ‘It’s important that the students learn about their rights. This is a tool meant to change society,’ says Hanna Björg Vilhjálmsdóttir, upper-secondary teacher in Iceland.
Intersectional Gender Equality Policy on Nordic Agenda
2015-10-12 | Nordic gender equality policy is facing new challenges. What will happen when, or if, the intersectionality perspective takes over? Nordic researchers met in Örebro to discuss the answer.
Closed Appointment Procedures Increase Gender Imbalances in Academia
2015-10-07 | Danish researcher Mathias Wullum Nielsen has studied gender equality in the academic world – for example how the discourse, practice and implemented measures differ between the Scandinavian countries. In an article recently published in Nature, he writes about the problem of appointing academics without an open call for applications.
Policewomen mobilise against trafficking
2015-10-01 | Human trafficking is a crime that transcends national boundaries. The Nordic-Baltic Network of Policewomen wants to expand the cooperation against gender-related violence. Next week they will meet in Riga to discuss strategies.
Iceland Joins the Nordic Gender Calendar
2015-09-28 | Iceland has joined in on the three inter-Nordic web portals GenderKalenderN, GenderJob and GenderFund.
Migration in Grönland – a gendered story
2015-06-23 | Greenland’s female population is shrinking. Many women leave to study and never return. This trend is not unique to the world’s largest island but can be found in rural and sparsely populated areas across the Nordic region. What are the solutions? This was the main question discussed at a recent seminar on gender, education and population flows arranged in Greenland’s capital Nuuk.
Washing Line in the Colors of the Rainbow
2015-05-27 | An art project will help bringing colors to the Nordic Pride festivals. Everyone is invited to take part by hanging out their wash in the colors of the rainbow.
The Law Can’t Stop at the Front Door
2015-05-08 | Violence against women, forced sterilisation and family norms. These were some of the topics discussed when Nordic gender and law researchers met in Umeå.
Gender Researchers Sorting Out the Lingo
2015-04-09 | Concepts and terms in the field of gender studies and gender research are under scrutiny. Projects to standardise the terminology are underway in both Norway and Sweden. What does hen and hin really mean, and is the word genus even needed?
Need for Research on Gender Equality in Nordic Academia
2015-03-19 | A joint Nordic research programme for gender equality aims to improve the gender balance in senior positions in Nordic academia. NIKK contacted Jesper Werdelin Simonsen, executive director at the Research Council of Norway and chair of the programme committee.
Nordic Ministers call for men to play greater role in gender equality
2015-03-12 | “Much would be gained by a greater focus on men’s roles and responsibilities in promoting gender equality. When men and women work together, it speeds up progress towards sustainable and gender-equal societies,” the Nordic Council of Ministers for Gender Equality (MR-JÄM) announced at the UN Commission on the Status of Women (CSW) in New York.
What’s the most important feminist issue right now?
2015-03-06 | What’s the most important feminist issue right now? And what needs to be done? Since Sunday is International Women’s Day, NIKK asked researchers, politicians, activists and debaters from across the Nordic region. Read their responses below.
“Very different gender issues on the agenda in Canada”
2015-03-03 | Researcher Erika Anne Hayfield just returned from Canada and a conference on sustainable development in the northern and Arctic regions. She was inspired by the conference, but fundamental challenges for indigenous peoples moved the focus away from gender and gender equality issues, she says.
Nordic Ministers for Gender Equality Attend UN CSW
2015-02-26 | The Nordic ministers for gender equality will provide a strong Nordic presence in New York during the second week of March. On 11 March the ministers will meet in a panel discussion on men's role in gender equality.
Gathering Nordic Gender Equality Statistics in One Place
2015-02-24 | Did you know that no Nordic parents share their parental leave more equally than the Icelandic ones? It will soon become much easier to compare gender equality statistics from the Nordic countries. The statistics offices are working together to put all data in one place.
Debate on sex purchase legislation keeps simmering
2015-02-17 | The sex purchase legislation is subject to ongoing debate in the Nordic region. Critics in Sweden say that the law has had undesired effects, such as making the sellers of sex more vulnerable. Yet a Norwegian study shows that the sex purchase law overall has had positive results.
Nordic transgender policy changing
2015-02-12 | A new Finnish law banning discrimination of transgender persons went into effect 1 January. The country’s LGBT movement welcomes the initiative, but has no time to celebrate. New laws are meant to improve the conditions for trans persons in the Nordic region, but are they successful? NIKK asked activists in Finland, Norway and Sweden.
’The Nordic countries need more Feminist Initiatives!’
2015-02-10 | The Nordic countries should use their position to promote a more advanced discussion on gender equality and equal treatment, said Gudrun Schyman at a gender equality seminar in Helsinki last week.
Denmark to Lead the Nordic Cooperation
2015-01-29 | Getting more girls to break the gender pattern and pursue studies in science, technology, engineering and math. That is one of the focus areas for the Nordic gender equality cooperation under the Danish Presidency.
Opinion: Together we can eliminate gender stereotypes
2015-01-26 | In 2014, the Nordic Council of Ministers marked the 40-year anniversary of the Nordic gender equality cooperation – a fruitful initiative that has played a significant role for the repeated success of the Nordic countries in various international gender equality rankings. The results speak for themselves: Nowhere in the world do men and women live as equal lives as in the Nordic region. Now it’s time to take another step forward.
Nordic Women’s Network for Economic Gender Equality
2015-01-22 | Incomes that vary with gender and pensions that are too low to cover a person’s basic needs. That’s the reality people in the Nordic region are facing today. Several women’s organisations are now joining forces to intensify the debate on economic equality between men and women.
The daddy quota – the most effective policy instrument
2015-01-15 | In the book Fatherhood in the Nordic Welfare States – Comparing Care Policies and Practice , 25 researchers describe modern fatherhood in the Nordic countries and how Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway and Sweden support men in taking an active role in the parenting of their children. NIKK has talked to Professor Tine Rostgaard, one of the two editors of the book.
Sami-Greenlandic Project for Gender Equality
2014-12-18 | Problems with violence and addictions are often swept under the carpet. Especially in small communities where everybody knows each other. Now Sami and Greenlandic women’s organisations are joining forces to address these troubling issues in their communities.
Making Change Towards Gender equality in the Media
2014-12-16 | How can media promote gender equality? What influence can be achieved by activists? How can research contribute to the knowledge about gender equality?
Law and Order in Focus for new Gender Equality Project
2014-12-15 | Gender equality through legislation is the topic of discussion when Nordic researchers meet in Umeå, Sweden. The legislative approach has proved successful in the Nordic region, but not all countries have chosen the same path.
New Network for Men’s Gender Equality Work
2014-12-11 | Men’s engagement in the gender equality work makes the Nordic countries stand out internationally. ‘Many people see us as more radical,’ says Tomas Agnemo, coordinator of the new Nordic branch of the MenEngage network. The network gathers Nordic organisations focusing on men, masculinities and gender equality.
Nordic Network Strengthening Gender Equality in Municipalities
2014-12-10 | When municipalities in the Nordic countries get together and share experiences about how they work with gender equality, it is to the benefit of the citizens they serve. Municipal representatives have formed a Nordic network that meets regularly. The network receives support from the Nordic Funding Scheme for Gender Equality, which Nordic Information on Gender (NIKK) is administering.
Women’s Occupations Valued Lower than Men’s
2014-12-05 | ‘There’s a conflict in the trade unions about how different occupations are valued and what’s good for the economy,’ said Tapio Bergholm, senior researcher at the Finnish trade union FFC/SAK, at a Nordic conference on equal pay for women and men.
Part-time Work is Women’s Response to Unhealthy Conditions
2014-12-02 | ‘We have seen a decreased focus on men as primary breadwinners in recent years. After all, participation of both women and men in the Nordic labour markets is a cornerstone of economic development,’ said Iceland’s gender equality minister Eygló Hardardóttir at the beginning of the conference ‘From Part Time to Full Time?’, which was held in Reykjavik on 12 November.
New minister: the Nordic region is a central actor in the international arena
2014-11-27 | The Nordic countries have extensive experience with gender equality work and therefore play a central role internationally, says Sweden’s new gender equality minister Åsa Regnér. ‘If we in the Nordic region don’t push the important issues related to sexual and reproductive health, nobody else will. It’s that simple.’
Male Perspectives on Gender Equality
2014-11-05 | Nordic initiatives aimed at increasing the level of male involvement in gender-equality work have made considerable progress in recent years. The ministers for gender equality are now putting together a task force to identify the most successful initiatives. They have also commissioned a “catalogue for the future”, consisting of robust proposals for achieving maximum Nordic synergy in this field.
Nordic Voices in Gender Research
2014-10-31 | The feminist progress – and its price – is a hot topic when Nordic gender researchers meet in Roskilde, Denmark. The conference Voices in Nordic Gender Research wants to encourage more cooperation and Nordic research projects.
Sure Boys can Write!
2014-10-20 | Pojkar kan visst skriva! – sure boys can write! – is the title of Katharina Andersson’s doctoral thesis, where she studies what school children actually can do instead of looking for their weaknesses. By analysing only boys’ writing, their abilities could be assessed and interpreted without comparing them with girls.
Conference on Best Practice in Gender Mainstreaming
2014-09-25 | On October 24th, the Ministry of Children, Gender Equality, Integration and Social Affairs will hold a conference on gender mainstreaming of the core services at the municipal level in the Nordic countries.
The Same Challenges Remain After 40 Years
2014-09-01 | The Nordic countries may be world leading in gender equality, but the challenges that caused the Nordic Council of Ministers to start cooperating around gender equality policy in 1974 remain practically the same. This was concluded at a conference celebrating 40 years of Nordic gender equality cooperation.
Full-time Work Too Overwhelming?
2014-08-18 | Family life is not the only reason women choose to work part time. Stress in the workplace also matters.
Ministers under Attack at Nordic Forum
2014-06-26 | The Nordic gender equality ministers received both boos and applause during the panel discussion that preceded the heavily criticised closing ceremony at the Nordic Forum in Malmö, Sweden.
They are Denied Independence
2014-06-12 | Men with intellectual disabilities are often denied their independence and their right to make their own decisions. This has consequences for their masculinity formation.
The Nordic Women’s Movement Mustering up Strength
2014-06-11 | Motivational speeches, seminars, concerts and feminist theatre. Conference-goers at the Nordic Forum in Malmö have a lot to look forward to. This Thursday, members of the Nordic women’s movement will gather for the largest conference in 20 years.
Paternal leave, difference feminism and part-time work discussed in the Faroe Islands
2014-06-05 | The Nordic countries are using gender equality to build their national identity internationally. But major challenges remain across the entire region. Gender differences in parental leave and part-time work are two examples discussed at a Nordic conference on gender equality in working life held in Torshavn, Faroe Islands.
Women Leave Rural Areas in Search of Gender Equality
2014-05-20 | Old-fashioned traditions and lack of opportunities make young women leave the countryside. The pattern can be observed all across the Nordic region, but is particularly evident in the Faroe Islands. We need to turn the trend around, says Erika Hayfield, researcher from the Faroe Islands.
Nordic Transport Investments: Are They of Equal Benefit?
2014-05-14 | The Nordic governments are spending significant resources on improving transport solutions, but who is benefitting? A new network of researchers is focusing on the democratic right to mobility.
Girls’ Groups Effective Method against Trafficking
2014-05-07 | In Lithuania, the work with girls’ and boys’ groups has become an important tool in the fight against trafficking. ‘The basic purpose of the method is to strengthen adolescents and start discussions about gender norms,’ says Justina Donielaite, project coordinator at the Åland Islands Peace Institute.
Requesting a broader approach to gender equality in the Nordic countries
2014-03-19 | The Nordic gender equality cooperation should not be limited to gender, but should also consider aspects such as ethnicity and sexual orientation. This is a recurring view in the questionnaire responses recently submitted to NIKK by 89 organisations and 389 individuals from all Nordic countries.
Gender research ensures the quality of European institute
2014-03-17 | The European Institute for Gender Equality, EIGE, has great interest in strengthening relations with the scientific community. Therefore gathered EIGE in February 40 participants from institutions involved in research and research dissemination across Europe. NIKK was one of the participants.
Nordic gender equality in New York
2014-02-10 | The Nordic countries have joined forces on gender equality for 40 years. The Nordic Council of Ministers for Gender Equality are celebrating this with a number of events in conjunction with the annual session of the UN Commission on the Status of Women (CSW) in New York, which opens on 10 March.
Gender equality in focus when Iceland takes over Nordic Council of Ministers
2014-02-05 | Income differences and gender equality in the western Nordic region are in focus when Iceland takes on the presidency of the Nordic Council of Ministers. This year marks the 40-year anniversary of the Nordic cooperation on gender equality. ‘We still have a lot to learn from each other,’ says Ingi Valur Jóhannsson.
Gender and green growth “the Nordic Way”
2014-01-07 | “Women and men leave different ecological footprints. They approach environmental issues and sustainability in different ways. Their preferred means of transport vary, as do their ...
NORA problematizes kings and princesses
2013-11-26 | Prison narratives, gendered perfumes and adoptees' identity work. Topics dealt with in the latest issue of Nora - Nordic Journal of Feminist and Gender Research.
Nordic Gender Equality Policy Has Been Europeanised
2013-09-25 | Gender equality policy in the Nordic countries has been influenced by the EU and become more focused on anti-discrimination and strengthening of human rights. This is the view of Johanna Kantola, researcher, who recently spoke at a conference at Stockholm University.