Read articles and news about current events in the Nordic countries regarding gender and gender equality. If you’re looking for something in particular, use our search function.
the Nordic Countries
Nordic focus on the gender effect of parental leave at CSW63
2019-03-08 | It’s only when women and men share family responsibilities equally that we can achieve economic gender equality. This is the message of the Nordic ministers for gender equality at the UN Commission on the Status of Women, CSW63. Iceland’s Prime Minister Katrín Jakobsdóttir will be initiating joint Nordic efforts to reach the UN Agenda 2030’s goal on gender equality.
The world of work tomorrow the focus at Future of Work conference in Reykjavik
2019-02-19 | The Future of Work conference to be held in Iceland in April will take up pressing issues concerning the world of work in the future. The Future of Work is a joint conference of the International Labour Organization (ILO) and the Nordic Council of Ministers. The Icelandic presidency of the Nordic Council of Ministers will be hosting the conference, where a large number of international actors in the field will gather in the Harpa Concert and Conference Centre in Reykjavik on 4–5 April.
Direction of gender equality efforts identified in new programme
2019-01-31 | The Nordic countries are taking some fresh new approaches to gender equality with their new cooperation programme, being launched today, which sets the framework for gender equality efforts for the years 2019–2022.
Strong focus on Me Too movement during Sweden’s Presidency year
2018-12-19 | The Me Too movement had just erupted when Sweden took over the Presidency of the Nordic Council of Ministers one year ago. And its impact has been visible in Nordic cooperation during the year. Sexual harassment has been on the agenda and gender equality has had extra priority. “It’s important now not to lose this momentum,” says Sweden’s Minister for Gender Equality Lena Hallengren.
Initiatives and action in the wake of the Me Too movement
2018-12-04 | How has the Me Too movement influenced the political agenda in the Nordic countries and the Baltic States? A recent survey by Nordic Information on Gender, NIKK, shows that these countries have taken a number of initiatives to deal with and prevent sexual harassment. These range from tougher legislation and expanding the remit of the responsible authorities to broad-scale information campaigns.
“Managers must take responsibility when sexual harassment occurs”
2018-11-06 | The #MeToo movement shifted the spotlight from the victims of sexual harassment to the perpetrators. But what does the management of a company do when it happens? This is the question addressed in a new Nordic report on sexual harassment in working life.
Banking on Involved Fathers in the Finance Sector
2018-10-11 | In Denmark, the right to parental leave is regulated by law. However, the exact design and details are largely up to the trade unions and employer organisations to decide together.
The Nordic gender effect goes international
2018-09-17 | Together the five Nordic countries make up one of the world’s most gender-equal regions. But how did they get there? The most important political reforms and experiences are now summarised in five briefs. The series of briefs is part of an effort to ‘export’ Nordic gender equality, and is intended to serve as a tool for countries that want to see more women in the labour market.
Several Project Proposals Submitted in the Wake of MeToo
2018-08-27 | Increased gender equality between parents, in the workplace and among reindeer-herding Sami. These are the objectives of some of the nine projects granted funding from the Nordic Gender Equality Fund in 2018.
New OECD report: Nordic gender equality boosts GDP growth
2018-05-22 | The steady increase of women in the labour market can account for 10–20 per cent of the Nordic region's GDP per capita growth in the past 40–50 years, according to a new OECD report.
Iceland Discussing Stronger Anti-Discrimination Laws
2018-05-02 | The anti-discrimination laws and victims’ opportunities for redress vary among the Nordic countries. Iceland offers the weakest protection against discrimination. ‘We are 15 years behind,’ says Hugrún R. Hjaltadóttir from Iceland’s Centre for Gender Equality, Jafnréttisstofa.
Migrant Women and Jobs in Focus
2018-04-19 | How can the share of foreign-born women be increased in the Nordic labour market? This was the key question discussed when the Swedish Presidency of the Nordic Council of Ministers arranged a conference in mid-April. Several new reports and Nordic collaborations around the theme were also presented.
Strategies to prevent violence shared across borders
2018-03-22 | The Nordic countries have come a long way in preventing and combatting men's violence against women and domestic violence, but the work lacks an intersectional approach. This has been established in the recent report, The Istanbul Convention: the Nordic Way. The document discusses how well different Nordic countries live up to the Istanbul Convention and highlights best practices for prevention work within the various countries.
Lack of gender equality in rural areas the theme during this year’s CSW
2018-03-09 | Women are moving from rural areas to cities in the Nordics, leaving men in the majority among rural residents. During the United Nations Commission on the Status of Women annual meeting in New York, this challenge, as well as strategies to overcome gender inequality, will be raised by the Nordic Council of Ministers, with the support of the Nordic Information on Gender (NIKK).
“When women join forces, then they can’t be ignored”
2018-03-08 | The #MeToo revolution has swept the Nordic region in the past half year. An avalanche of testimonies of sexual harassment has put the issue high on the political agenda, yet the impact of the campaign has varied across the countries. In connection with the International Women’s Day, Nordic Information on Gender (NIKK) has discussed the #MeToo movement with some Nordic experts.
New Project about Young People’s Experiences of prostitution
2018-03-01 | Young people with experiences of prostitution form a group that for various reasons is difficult to reach, both for researchers and social workers. Nordic Information on Gender’s (NIKK) new project aims to compile and analyse the available knowledge about young people with experience of prostitution in all Nordic countries.
Knowledge and a Long-Term Approach Keys to Gender-Equal Nordic Cooperation
2018-02-19 | The Swedish Secretariat for Gender Research has hosted Nordic Information on Gender – a Nordic cooperation body dealing with gender and gender equality issues – since 2012, and the assignment was recently extended by four years until 2022. The extension will contribute to more long-term gender equality work, according to the commissioning body, Nordic Council of Ministers.
Review: Sexual Harassment in the Workplace Remains Widespread in the Nordic Countries
2018-01-31 | Sexual harassment in the workplace is illegal in all Nordic countries. But despite employers' far-reaching responsibilities, reports of violations remain disturbingly common. One problem, say experts, is that the laws are not followed.
Norway summarises an eventful year in the Nordic cooperation
2017-12-13 | In 2017, it was Norway’s turn to hold the presidency of the Nordic Council of Ministers and be in charge of the political cooperation on gender equality. The issue of hate speech received attention already during previous presidencies, and Norway has continued the work in the area. ‘The freedom of speech stands strong in the Nordic region and it is important that we keep protecting this privilege. We must be able to accept intense debate, but we will never tolerate intimidation and expressions of hate,’ says Solveig Horne, Norway’s minister of children and equality.
Nordic meeting on gender equality in the public space
2017-12-07 | The sexualisation of the public space, hate speech, the #MeToo campaign and the need for physical meetings in the Nordic cooperation. These were some of the topics discussed when Nordic Information on Gender (NIKK) arranged a networking meeting for projects that have received funding from the Nordic Council of Ministers’ gender equality fund.
Almost DKK 3 million to gender equality cooperation!
2017-11-16 | Organisations that for example want to work against gendered educational choices, promote gender equality in the labour market or perhaps organise an expert conference will soon be invited to apply for funding of Nordic cooperation projects in the area of gender equality. Almost DKK 3 million will be allocated from the Nordic Council of Ministers’ gender equality fund.
Men break with the norms to help propel gender equality
2017-10-30 | After six years of hard work, gender equality prevails among the senior management at Reykjavik Energy. The pay gap is close to zero. Ikea wants to reach the same goal by 2020, and Volvo is tackling fierce global competition with more diversity. At the Barbershop conference in Copenhagen, 200 business leaders, politicians, and researchers came together to fine-tune their arguments, expand their knowledge, and mobilise men within the field of gender equality.
Gender differences in health persist
2017-10-19 | In early October, the European Institute for Gender Equality (EIGE) presented its latest gender equality index. At the same time as the data and the analyses were released, a large gender conference was held in Brussels. One issue discussed at the conference was gender equality and health.
Fact sheet release: the public sphere
2017-10-09 | NIKK’s publication of a fact sheet highlighting issues of gender inequality within the public sphere aims to utilise knowledge obtained through Nordic cooperation and shed light on actors and decision makers to achieve the goal of a gender-equal Nordic region.
Nordic conference draws attention to young people’s gender equality work
2017-10-04 | The gender equality work carried out at various levels of society often lacks a youth perspective. The Swedish municipality of Kalmar will therefore arrange a Nordic conference focusing on young people and gender equality on October 11–12.
Film releases: Three new films about Nordic cooperation
2017-09-26 | Different groups face different conditions in the public space. Sexist advertising, online hate speech and the invisibility of certain categories of people in the media risk silencing many voices. Now Nordic Information on Gender (NIKK) is releasing three promotional films focusing on Nordic cooperation regarding the public space.
Focus on work and the labour market in this year’s fund projects
2017-09-19 | How can the integration of migrant women be improved in the labour market? Why are men underrepresented in the health and care sector in the Nordic countries? And how does the design of the parental insurance systems affect the way women and men use them? These are the focus areas of some of the projects that are receiving funding from the Nordic Gender Equality Fund this year.
Nordic women’s organisations want to strengthen girls’ rights
2017-09-05 | Nordic women’s organisations are troubled by the increasingly common reports of girls in the Nordic countries being sexually harassed in the school environment and other public places. The project titled Full Rights for Girls in the Nordic Countries aims to increase the awareness of the problem.
New Online Hate Crime Legislation May End Up Ineffective
2017-08-31 | How can the internet be made safer for vulnerable groups? Laws can influence norms, but the problem will not be solved by merely making it easier to take online haters to court.
Gender imbalance persists in Nordic news media
2017-08-24 | The Nordic news media have come a long way when it comes to priorities and legislation in the area of gender equality. However, this is not reflected in an acceptable gender balance in the news media, according to a new report from the Nordic Council of Ministers. Heidi Haggrén coordinated the development of the report, titled “Women and Men in the News”. We asked her a few questions about the findings.
New Swedish gender equality agency opening next year
2017-08-14 | A new Swedish gender equality agency will open on 1 January 2018. The initiative is expected to lead to more efficient management, coordination and evaluation of national gender equality policy.
New report sheds light on online hate speech legislation
2017-06-20 | A new report assessing the legal regulation of online hate speech in the Nordic countries from a gender equality perspective will be on 21 June. The question of how online hate speech can be stopped is more urgent than ever in the Nordic countries.
‘The talk about marginalisation gives a skewed picture’
2017-06-12 | There is a lot of talk in the Swedish public debate about stopping the marginalisation of people with immigrant background in the labour market. Paulina de los Reyes, professor of economic history at Stockholm University, argues that the discussion has the wrong focus. ‘Instead, the focus should be on the conditions in the labour market, as people seem to be experiencing increasing levels of stress, instability, intimidation, violence and exclusion from the social safety net in the workplace.’
‘The media’s legal responsibilities need to be clarified’
2017-05-18 | A large part of the public debate takes place on social media, and the environment can be quite aggressive. The media’s legal responsibility when it comes to hate speech, insults and other violations is unclear. A seminar on moderation of online comments and discussions will be held in late May.
With the aime to engage men in gender equality
2017-05-12 | What is the link between gender inequality and human trafficking? This theme will be addressed on 23 May in Reykjavik at a conference titled Mobilizing Men and Boys for Gender Equality in the Baltic Sea Region.
How to break the cycle of violence? New report maps the situation in the Nordic region
2017-05-03 | Gender-related violence is a widespread and persistent problem in the Nordic countries. What are the best methods to change the behaviour of the perpetrators and thereby end the violence?
‘We must create a society where women’s attire doesn’t matter’
2017-04-28 | The issue of restricting women’s wearing of veils is currently being debated in the Nordic countries. In Denmark, the tone of the debate is rather fierce. In Sweden, many women are reporting verbal attacks and harassment. Nordic Information on Gender (NIKK) talked to one woman from each Nordic country about people’s attitudes to the veil issue and what changes will be necessary to enable women to wear veils freely and without judgement.
Important Progress Made at CSW – But the Nordic Countries Are Aiming Higher
2017-04-11 | The UN member states will work to eliminate the pay gap between women and men in order to redistribute the unpaid domestic work. This promise was made at the United Nations women’s summit, CSW61. But the link between women’s sexual and reproductive rights and their economic independence is too weak in the final document, according to several Nordic ministers.
Transgender people given a clean bill of health in Sweden and Denmark
2017-03-27 | Sweden is following Denmark’s example and will no longer consider trans persons mentally ill. ‘This is an important change,’ says Lukas Romson, gender equality consultant and trans expert in Sweden. Other Nordic countries will continue to classify transgender people as mentally ill.
Gender power structure and women’s situation in the labour market
2017-03-20 | A commonly raised question is why women are on sick leave from work more than men. But Sara Hultqvist, author of a recent report on sick leave and gender in the Nordic region, thinks that the question is incorrectly formulated. ‘What should be focused on instead is that some sectors of the labour market, in which mostly women work, offer unacceptable working conditions.’
‘One problem is the salaries’
2017-03-14 | Nordic representatives will contribute to the international debate on gender equality in the workplace and the labour market at CSW61, the theme of which is Women’s Economic Empowerment in the Changing World of Work. But how effective are the Nordic solutions? Nordic Information on Gender talked to Lynn Roseberry, one of the experts involved in the event.
Joint feminist struggle changed society in the Nordic region
2017-03-08 | Trump in the White House and growing right-wing populism in Europe. It is easy to feel frustrated with the situation in the world. However, it is important to remember the feminist advances that have been made and the multifaceted struggle that is underway around the globe. Today NIKK (Nordic Information on Gender) talks about reforms that have been critical to women’s economic independence and that may never have seen the light of day without feminist resistance and Nordic cooperation.
Male dominance at Nordic cinemas
2017-02-27 | Only six per cent of all films shown at Icelandic cinemas last year were directed by women, according to a gender equality review of film offerings in Sweden, Denmark and Iceland. The results of the review will be presented at the Stockholm Feminist Film Festival.
Iceland intent on eliminating the gender pay gap
2017-02-21 | How can the differences in pay between women and men be eliminated? Icelandic trade unions, employers´ confederation and government officials have developed an Equal pay management system, called “The Equal Pay Standard” that will help employers prevent salary discrimination and enable them to become certified. The country’s new gender equality minister wants to make the standard mandatory for all major employers.
Nordic networks initiate a discussion about gender norms
2017-02-16 | Young boys are repeatedly exposed to extreme gender ideals in films and advertisements. Men are often portrayed as strong lone wolves with a preference for violence as a means to solve problems. The Nordic MenEngage network wants to initiate a discussion about gender norms, change the stereotypical male norm and stop the violence. Today they are hosting a conference in Oslo.
‘Seriously, nothing is happening’
2017-02-09 | One focus area of the Norwegian presidency of the Nordic Council of Ministers in 2017 is gender equality in the labour market and the workplace. As part of this ambition, a large Nordic conference on the topic was arranged in early February. Nordic Information on Gender (NIKK) attended the event, which was held Oslo.
Gender equality in the labour market – a Norwegian focus
2017-01-23 | Nordic females participate in the labour market to almost the same extent as their male counterparts. Yet many gender equality problems remain to be solved, according to Norway’s gender equality minister, who is also the new leader of Nordic gender equality cooperation.
A conference about gender equality in research environments
2017-01-18 | How can the field of physics become more gender equal, and what can international organisations do to help? These key questions will be addressed when the renowned European Organization for Nuclear Research CERN hosts a Gender in Physics Day (GiPD) on 27 January. Several representatives from Nordic science organisations will participate in the event.
Gender research journals explore contemporary trends
2016-11-22 | The Nordic countries boast several research journals that together help push the field of gender research forward. One example is NORMA: International Journal for Masculinity Studies, which is celebrating its 10-year anniversary this year. The current issue of the journal looks for example at how masculinity research can help us understand Donald Trump’s success in the political arena.
Apply for funding from the Nordic Gender Equality Fund!
2016-11-14 | A new call for applications for funding from the Nordic Gender Equality Fund will be arranged in March 2017. If you are interested in applying, now is a good time to initiate collaborations, contact potential partners and start working on your application!
Funding for research on gender equality in academia
2016-11-10 | The Nordic countries often find themselves at the very top of international gender equality rankings. But when it comes to the share of women at the higher levels in academia, the Nordic countries place right around the European average. Nordforsk, an organisation under the Nordic Council of Ministers, has granted NOK 41.8 million to two research projects aiming to change this.
Different paths to gender equality in Nordic academia
2016-11-01 | The higher the level in the academic hierarchy, the fewer the women. Several campaigns to increase the gender equality in academia are now underway in the Nordic countries.
Human Trafficking Calls for International Collaboration
2016-10-25 | Human trafficking has taken new forms and is placing new demands on legal systems. This week, experts from the Nordic countries are meeting to learn from each other.
Nordic Laws Against Online Threats And Hate Speech Analysed
2016-10-19 | Hate speech and sexism on the internet is a growing problem in the Nordic region. What legal protection can the victims expect? NIKK has launched a new project to review the applicable legislations in the Nordic countries.
Genital Mutilation in Focus at Nordic Conference
2016-10-13 | The fight against genital mutilation has been successful around the world. However, despite growing resistance against the practice, many girls remain at risk. In Nordic countries, there is a strong need for preventive work and education. A conference titled Female Genital Mutilation and Cutting – a Matter of Human Rights and Gender Equality begins today in Helsinki.
The design of parental insurance influences men’s use of it
2016-10-10 | Nordic dads take more parental leave than the world average. What are the reasons for this? A new fact sheet from NIKK explains what the parental insurance systems look like in the Nordic countries, and how the design affects fathers’ use of the right to parental leave. The fact sheet also sheds light on how the system rules can be complex or even dysfunctional for parents who do not conform to the heterosexual nuclear family norm.
Online Hate Speech and Perpetrators Scrutinised in this Year’s Fund Projects
2016-09-28 | What can be done to stop hate speech and sexism in the comment fields in social media? What are the best measures to break perpetrators’ patterns of violence? These questions are the focal point of some of the projects that receive funding from the Nordic Gender Equality Fund this year.
Demand for Legislation Against Discriminating Advertising
2016-09-21 | Sweden is the only Nordic country without a law against sexist advertising. The other countries have legislation in place, but the issue is not receiving enough priority. Iceland is best-in-class when it comes to following up on violations, according to a new Nordic review presented today.
Where gender equality fits into the ILO’s future of work
2016-09-19 | How do you close the pay gap and create a less gender-divided labour market? The answer does not lie in the past. Gender divisions in the Nordic labour markets have been nearly static since the 1970s and global data from the ILO shows shockingly little movement. So what is needed? That is what the discussion about gender equality in the future labour market is about. Does Iceland have the solution?
Wage discrimination on the agenda in Nordic gender equality policy
2016-09-13 | Which gender equality issues top the Nordic agenda? Several Nordic countries are updating their guidelines for national gender equality policy. Breaking the gender segregation in the labour market and eliminating the gender wage gap are two prioritised issues in Iceland and Norway.
Nordic summer school with focus on girl studies
2016-08-31 | What norms does Nordic gender equality policy give rise to and how do they affect various groups of young women? This is one of the questions addressed in the field of Nordic girl studies. Last Friday marked the end of a summer school in Helsinki titled Producing Girlish Knowledge. Nordic Summer School on Creative Methods in Girlhood Studies and Girl Work. Nordic Information on Gender talked to Bodil Formark and Aino Tormulainen, who arranged the event.
More Than 120 Organisations in Nordic Gender Equality Collaborations
2016-08-22 | For three straight years, the Nordic Council of Ministers has funded Nordic gender equality projects through a special Nordic gender equality fund. To date, more than 120 organisations have embarked on unique collaborations. A database containing information on all projects is now being launched.
Genusjobb goes GenderJob
2016-08-15 | The Swedish Facebook page “Genusjobb” is now part of GenderJob.org - and is accordingly renamed GenderJob. This means that we at NIKK has taken over the page.
How Do EU Decisions Affect Nordic Gender Equality?
2016-04-27 | The Nordic countries have long been pioneers and important exporters in the field of gender equality policy, yet they are increasingly affected by decisions made by the EU and other international organs. How does this influence the development in the region? This is investigated in a project titled Nordic Gender Equality Policy in a Europeanisation Perspective.
Positive trend stalled – women still underrepresented in STEM subjects
2016-04-13 | Women are strongly underrepresented in science, technology, engineering and mathematics. The positive trend of the past seems to have stalled, according to a study ordered by the Nordic Council of Ministers.
Upswing for Gender Research Following the Arab Spring
2016-03-31 | Arab gender research has seen a breakthrough and today almost all universities have their own centres for women’s studies or gender studies. An Arab-Nordic project has strengthened the connection between researchers in the two regions.
Feminists from different continents give their take on the most pressing issues
2016-03-08 | Today is International Women's Day. To mark it NIKK and genus.se have asked activists, researchers and debaters from different continents to share their most important feminist issue. Read their responses below.
Difficult to identify Nordic investments in gender equality research
2016-03-03 | Gender equality is often mentioned as a strength and an important export of the Nordic countries. Yet neither the Research Council of Norway nor Norwegian and Finnish researchers think that enough funding is granted for research in the field. ‘There’s an interest, but the money granted for research projects is too limited in relation to the total research budgets,’ says Marjut Jyrkinen, Research Director at the University of Helsinki.
Widespread partner violence among young people
2016-02-23 | Gender-related violence among young couples is a widespread problem in the Nordic countries. A Nordic expert conference will be held in April to gather the best examples of how it can be stopped. ‘It’s important to start working with people at a young age,’ says Are Saastad from Reform – Resource Centre for Men in Norway.
Finland Wants to Break the Cycle of Violence
2016-02-11 | Effective practices and breaking the cycle of violence will receive particular focus during the Finnish Presidency of the Nordic Council of Ministers in 2016. Gender discrimination in media and health and gender equality are two other principal themes, says Finland’s gender equality minister in an interview.
Inequalities in Health: Men Die, Women Suffer
2016-02-01 | Nordic men need to start seeing the doctor before it is too late. Nordic women need to become better at talking about their work environment. And the politicians who are crafting tomorrow’s health policy need to put on their gender spectacles. This and more was discussed at a recent conference in Turku appropriately titled How Are You Feeling, Nordic Region? The conference marked the beginning of the Finnish Presidency of the Nordic Council of Ministers in 2016.
Research programme on gender equality in academia
2016-01-26 | The male dominance in top positions in Nordic research seems to persist. A new research programme, focusing on solutions, is now being launched.
Tidskriften Lambda Nordica firar 20 år
2015-11-25 | Tjugoårsjubilerande Lambda Nordica har länge varit ensam i sitt slag i Norden. I framtiden siktar tidskriften på att bryta den anglo-amerikanska dominansen inom forskningsfältet lhbtq.
Wide Range of Nordic Cooperation Projects
2015-11-19 | How does EU legislation affect Nordic gender equality policy? How can we stop sexist advertising, or violence among young couples in the Nordic countries? These are some of the focus areas of this year’s approved funding scheme projects.
Teaching Preschool Workers to Analyse Gender Norms in Children’s Books
2015-11-17 | This article is from Kilden - kjonnsforskning.no
Anne Winsnes Rødland
Reform, The Norweigen resource centre for men, has launched a new website – genustest.no – to help preschool workers in the Nordic region analyse gender in children’s literature. Do the books promote gender equality? Or do they reinforce destructive gender stereotypes?
Anne Winsnes Rødland
Reform, The Norweigen resource centre for men, has launched a new website – genustest.no – to help preschool workers in the Nordic region analyse gender in children’s literature. Do the books promote gender equality? Or do they reinforce destructive gender stereotypes?
New Statistics Database for Nordic Gender Equality
2015-11-11 | A new statistics database shows how far the Nordic countries have come in the area of gender equality. Åland stands out by having more women than men in the labour force.
Nordic Countries Join Forces Against Online Hate Speech
2015-11-06 | The Nordic countries should take the lead in the work against hate speech and sexism on the internet. This is one of the conclusions made after the expert seminar on online hate speech in Copenhagen. ‘We have a tradition of using legislation to regulate markets and should do so also in this domain,’ says Emma Holten, who served on the expert panel.
Politically Engaged Young People Are Scared
2015-10-23 | What does young people’s vulnerability to online hate speech look like in the Nordic countries and what is being done about it? These questions were on the agenda of today’s seminar in Reykjavik.
Intersectional Gender Equality Policy on Nordic Agenda
2015-10-12 | Nordic gender equality policy is facing new challenges. What will happen when, or if, the intersectionality perspective takes over? Nordic researchers met in Örebro to discuss the answer.
Policewomen mobilise against trafficking
2015-10-01 | Human trafficking is a crime that transcends national boundaries. The Nordic-Baltic Network of Policewomen wants to expand the cooperation against gender-related violence. Next week they will meet in Riga to discuss strategies.
Iceland Joins the Nordic Gender Calendar
2015-09-28 | Iceland has joined in on the three inter-Nordic web portals GenderKalenderN, GenderJob and GenderFund.
New report on challenges in the Nordic peripheral areas
2015-08-19 | It’s impossible to discuss challenges in the Nordic peripheral areas without including a gender equality perspective. This is a conclusion made in a new Nordic survey on gender, education and migration patterns in the peripheral areas in the Nordic region.
‘Hate Speech Scares Women Away from the Public Debate’
2015-08-11 | The sexism in everyday life and internet-based harassment is receiving attention at the Nordic level. If women are scared away from participating in the public debate, society has a democracy problem, says Kira Appel, chair of the Nordic Committee of Senior Officials for Gender Equality.
Migration in Grönland – a gendered story
2015-06-23 | Greenland’s female population is shrinking. Many women leave to study and never return. This trend is not unique to the world’s largest island but can be found in rural and sparsely populated areas across the Nordic region. What are the solutions? This was the main question discussed at a recent seminar on gender, education and population flows arranged in Greenland’s capital Nuuk.
Sexual Harassments Widespread in the Nordic Countries
2015-06-16 | Sexual harassment in the hotel and restaurant industry is a widespread problem across the Nordic region. Experts from all Nordic countries recently met in Reykjavik to discuss solutions.
Gender Quotas for Diversity in Leadership
2015-06-09 | An international conference on diversity in leadership was held in Reykjavik on 29 May. The Centre for Gender Equality in Iceland organised the conference, at which new studies on the effects of the Icelandic gender quota legislation were presented.
New Publications about Part-Time Work in the Nordic Region
2015-06-02 | Women work part time to a much larger extent than men, and this pattern is found in all Nordic countries. The project Part-Time Work in the Nordic Region has provided an arena for discussion about the effects of part-time employment. The results of the initiative are described in two new publications.
How to Increase the Involvement in Gender Equality Work
2015-05-28 | Getting people interested in gender equality issues isn’t always easy. How can municipalities and county councils increase the involvement in gender mainstreaming work? This was discussed at a Nordic conference in Oslo.
Washing Line in the Colors of the Rainbow
2015-05-27 | An art project will help bringing colors to the Nordic Pride festivals. Everyone is invited to take part by hanging out their wash in the colors of the rainbow.
The Gender-Segregated Labour Market – A Nordic Paradox
2015-05-20 | It is called the gender equality paradox – that gender-segregated labour markets persist in gender equality-oriented welfare states. This was the topic of discussion when a Nordic network of researchers and scholars met for a seminar in Oslo.
The Law Can’t Stop at the Front Door
2015-05-08 | Violence against women, forced sterilisation and family norms. These were some of the topics discussed when Nordic gender and law researchers met in Umeå.
Gender & Law: New Research Presented in Umeå
2015-05-08 | A growing field with great diversity – this is how the legally oriented gender research in the Nordic countries is described. Read more about some of the research projects presented at last week’s conference.
Future Challenges in the Arctic
2015-05-04 | What are the living conditions like for women and men in the Arctic region? This was the focus of Gender Equality in the Arctic: Current Realities and Future Challenges. A new report summarises the discussions at the conference.
The Nordic Countries Dealing with Gender Inequality in Academia
2015-04-24 | Although a majority of undergraduate students are women, higher up in the academic hierarchy is clearly a man’s world. About 80 per cent of all professors at Nordic higher education institutions are men, but efforts to reach gender equality in academia are underway.
Increased Risk of Violence for people with Norm-breaking Functional Capacity
2015-04-21 | ‘In order to prevent violence against women with disabilities, we need to increase the status of this group in society,’ says Icelandic researcher Hrafnhildur S. Gunnarsdóttir. A Nordic project is finding the best ways to prevent the violence.
’This type of violence is a failure of society’
2015-04-21 | Every time an already vulnerable person is violated, it’s a failure of society, says Maria Montefusco, project manager at the Nordic Centre for Welfare and Social Issues, when asked about the background of the Nordic project Gender-based Violence against People with Disabilities.
New Nordic Network for Women with Spinal Cord Injuries
2015-04-14 | A majority of people with spinal cord injuries are men. As a result, the problems specific to women with these injuries are often overlooked at conferences and in research. Erika Nilsson from the Spinalis Foundation is coordinating a new Nordic project for women with spinal cord injuries.
’We Demand That Employers Stop Breaking the Law!’
2015-03-27 | ‘Terrible but not surprising’ – a fair description of the results of a Norwegian study on discrimination of pregnant women and parents on parental leave. The report points to problems noted across the Nordic region.
Exploited Foreign Women Lacking Support in Law
2015-03-26 | Women from foreign countries who come to Norway and Sweden to form families with Norwegian and Swedish men lack support if they become victims of domestic violence. This was the theme of the conference Kvinnor och barn i rättens gränslan – women and children in the legal borderland – arranged 17 March in Oslo.
Two Steps Forward and One Step Back in the View of Female Entrepreneurship
2015-03-23 | Which measures lead to gender equality in entrepreneurship? This is the topic of a report from the Swedish Agency for Economic and Regional Growth. According to the report, the Nordic countries have a lot to learn from each other.
Need for Research on Gender Equality in Nordic Academia
2015-03-19 | A joint Nordic research programme for gender equality aims to improve the gender balance in senior positions in Nordic academia. NIKK contacted Jesper Werdelin Simonsen, executive director at the Research Council of Norway and chair of the programme committee.
Nordic Ministers call for men to play greater role in gender equality
2015-03-12 | “Much would be gained by a greater focus on men’s roles and responsibilities in promoting gender equality. When men and women work together, it speeds up progress towards sustainable and gender-equal societies,” the Nordic Council of Ministers for Gender Equality (MR-JÄM) announced at the UN Commission on the Status of Women (CSW) in New York.
What’s the most important feminist issue right now?
2015-03-06 | What’s the most important feminist issue right now? And what needs to be done? Since Sunday is International Women’s Day, NIKK asked researchers, politicians, activists and debaters from across the Nordic region. Read their responses below.
“Very different gender issues on the agenda in Canada”
2015-03-03 | Researcher Erika Anne Hayfield just returned from Canada and a conference on sustainable development in the northern and Arctic regions. She was inspired by the conference, but fundamental challenges for indigenous peoples moved the focus away from gender and gender equality issues, she says.
Nordic Ministers for Gender Equality Attend UN CSW
2015-02-26 | The Nordic ministers for gender equality will provide a strong Nordic presence in New York during the second week of March. On 11 March the ministers will meet in a panel discussion on men's role in gender equality.
Gathering Nordic Gender Equality Statistics in One Place
2015-02-24 | Did you know that no Nordic parents share their parental leave more equally than the Icelandic ones? It will soon become much easier to compare gender equality statistics from the Nordic countries. The statistics offices are working together to put all data in one place.
Nordic Experiences to Inspire Danish Municipalities
2015-02-19 | A new report requests more and better gender equality statistics – statistics that can be used to strengthen the Danish municipalities’ gender mainstreaming efforts. The report points to Norwegian and Swedish experiences with user-friendly targeted statistics.
Debate on sex purchase legislation keeps simmering
2015-02-17 | The sex purchase legislation is subject to ongoing debate in the Nordic region. Critics in Sweden say that the law has had undesired effects, such as making the sellers of sex more vulnerable. Yet a Norwegian study shows that the sex purchase law overall has had positive results.
Nordic transgender policy changing
2015-02-12 | A new Finnish law banning discrimination of transgender persons went into effect 1 January. The country’s LGBT movement welcomes the initiative, but has no time to celebrate. New laws are meant to improve the conditions for trans persons in the Nordic region, but are they successful? NIKK asked activists in Finland, Norway and Sweden.
’The Nordic countries need more Feminist Initiatives!’
2015-02-10 | The Nordic countries should use their position to promote a more advanced discussion on gender equality and equal treatment, said Gudrun Schyman at a gender equality seminar in Helsinki last week.
Denmark to Lead the Nordic Cooperation
2015-01-29 | Getting more girls to break the gender pattern and pursue studies in science, technology, engineering and math. That is one of the focus areas for the Nordic gender equality cooperation under the Danish Presidency.
Opinion: Together we can eliminate gender stereotypes
2015-01-26 | In 2014, the Nordic Council of Ministers marked the 40-year anniversary of the Nordic gender equality cooperation – a fruitful initiative that has played a significant role for the repeated success of the Nordic countries in various international gender equality rankings. The results speak for themselves: Nowhere in the world do men and women live as equal lives as in the Nordic region. Now it’s time to take another step forward.
The daddy quota – the most effective policy instrument
2015-01-15 | In the book Fatherhood in the Nordic Welfare States – Comparing Care Policies and Practice , 25 researchers describe modern fatherhood in the Nordic countries and how Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway and Sweden support men in taking an active role in the parenting of their children. NIKK has talked to Professor Tine Rostgaard, one of the two editors of the book.
Women’s Occupations Valued Lower than Men’s
2014-12-05 | ‘There’s a conflict in the trade unions about how different occupations are valued and what’s good for the economy,’ said Tapio Bergholm, senior researcher at the Finnish trade union FFC/SAK, at a Nordic conference on equal pay for women and men.
Part-time Work is Women’s Response to Unhealthy Conditions
2014-12-02 | ‘We have seen a decreased focus on men as primary breadwinners in recent years. After all, participation of both women and men in the Nordic labour markets is a cornerstone of economic development,’ said Iceland’s gender equality minister Eygló Hardardóttir at the beginning of the conference ‘From Part Time to Full Time?’, which was held in Reykjavik on 12 November.
New minister: the Nordic region is a central actor in the international arena
2014-11-27 | The Nordic countries have extensive experience with gender equality work and therefore play a central role internationally, says Sweden’s new gender equality minister Åsa Regnér. ‘If we in the Nordic region don’t push the important issues related to sexual and reproductive health, nobody else will. It’s that simple.’
Women and Men Must Decide the Future of the Arctic Together
2014-11-13 | ‘Gender equality is good economic policy,’ said former Finnish president Tarja Halonen at the opening of a conference on gender equality in the cultural centre Hof in Akureyri, Iceland, on 30 October this year.
New Report: the Nordic Countries Still Leading the Way in Gender Equality
2014-11-04 | The Nordic countries have reduced the gender gaps by 84 %, according to the Global Gender Gap Report 2014, published by the World Economic Forum.
Nordic Voices in Gender Research
2014-10-31 | The feminist progress – and its price – is a hot topic when Nordic gender researchers meet in Roskilde, Denmark. The conference Voices in Nordic Gender Research wants to encourage more cooperation and Nordic research projects.
The Nordic Countries Stand United Against Violence
2014-10-23 | Zero tolerance for gender-based violence is a theme identified by the Nordic Council of Ministers as particularly important in the Nordic gender equality work. As a result, conference participants from across the Nordic region met in late September in Iceland to discuss how men’s violence against women can be prevented.
Dagfinn Høybråten: Together we can fight trafficking more effectively
2014-10-06 | "We must ask ourselves whether we can do more together to fight human trafficking", said the Secretary General of the Nordic Council of Ministers, Dagfinn Høybråten, at a Nordic-Baltic meeting of the ministers of justice in Copenhagen on 29 August 2014.
From Part Time to Full Time – Conference for Gender Equality in the Nordic Region
2014-09-29 | NIKK, Nordic information on Gender, will host a Nordic participative conference in Reykjavik 12 November 2014. The conference aims for change: how do we turn part time into full time in the Nordic labour markets?
Conference on Best Practice in Gender Mainstreaming
2014-09-25 | On October 24th, the Ministry of Children, Gender Equality, Integration and Social Affairs will hold a conference on gender mainstreaming of the core services at the municipal level in the Nordic countries.
Nordic Gender Equality Projects Granted Funding
2014-09-23 | The Nordic Council of Ministers has made its decision about the Nordic Funding Scheme. Funding has been given to 13 activities.
The Same Challenges Remain After 40 Years
2014-09-01 | The Nordic countries may be world leading in gender equality, but the challenges that caused the Nordic Council of Ministers to start cooperating around gender equality policy in 1974 remain practically the same. This was concluded at a conference celebrating 40 years of Nordic gender equality cooperation.
Maria Grönroos Elected to Board of Atgender
2014-07-03 | Maria Grönroos, deputy manager of the Swedish Secretariat for Gender Research and director of NIKK, was elected into the board of Atgender at a conference in Barcelona last week. Grönroos hopes that the organisation will promote cooperation across national boundaries and bring feminist forces in Europe together.
‘Nordic co-operation key to gender equality’
2014-07-02 | The Nordic co-operation is a strong factor behind the Nordic progress in gender equality, says Eygló Harðardóttir, Nordic co-operation minister and Icelandic minister of gender equality. Harðardóttir is participating in Jämställ.nu’s ‘gender equality party’ during the Almedalen Week and will host Iceland’s jubilee conference Sammen om ligestilling i 40 year in late August.
Gender-segregation in Labour Market Leads to Part-time Culture
2014-07-01 | The gender-segregated labour market is a main reason why women are more likely to work part time in the Nordic countries than elsewhere in Europe. This point was emphasised at a seminar arranged by NIKK during the Nordic Forum conference in Malmö.
Nordic Forum Welcomes Debate
2014-06-27 | The criticism has been widespread after the conference that was supposed to bring the Nordic women’s movement together. The work to create a multifaceted movement is far from over,’ says queer researcher Ulrika Dahl.
”It is well established that we treat children differently”
2014-06-27 | Girls and boys are still treated differently, and change will not be possible without a political willingness. Researcher Mia Heikkilä’s message was clear during a Nordic Forum seminar on gender equality work in Nordic schools and preschools.
Ministers under Attack at Nordic Forum
2014-06-26 | The Nordic gender equality ministers received both boos and applause during the panel discussion that preceded the heavily criticised closing ceremony at the Nordic Forum in Malmö, Sweden.
Search on Gender – in All Nordic Countries!
2014-06-13 | Nordic cooperation on gender and gender equality is about to become a lot easier! The three unique web portals GenderFund, GenderJob and GenderKalenderN, launched at the Nordic Forum in Malmö, will give you everything you need to navigate in the field of gender and gender equality in the Nordic region.
The Nordic Women’s Movement Mustering up Strength
2014-06-11 | Motivational speeches, seminars, concerts and feminist theatre. Conference-goers at the Nordic Forum in Malmö have a lot to look forward to. This Thursday, members of the Nordic women’s movement will gather for the largest conference in 20 years.
Knowledge and Paper Art at nikk.no
2014-06-09 | One year after the launching of NIKK’s new website, brand new web overviews are now being published. This is the first time condensed comparative information about Nordic gender equality work is published online.
Paternal leave, difference feminism and part-time work discussed in the Faroe Islands
2014-06-05 | The Nordic countries are using gender equality to build their national identity internationally. But major challenges remain across the entire region. Gender differences in parental leave and part-time work are two examples discussed at a Nordic conference on gender equality in working life held in Torshavn, Faroe Islands.
Ups and Downs of Being a Woman in Faroese Politics
2014-06-04 | Being the only woman in parliament isn’t always easy. This article is about Karin Kjølbros, who shared her story at a Nordic seminar on politics and gender equality in Torshavn.
NIKK and the Nordic Council of Ministers at the Nordic Forum
2014-06-02 | The Nordic Forum in Malmö 2014 is set to begin next week. The event is the Nordic women’s movement’s big conference for women’s rights, and NIKK will of course be there. See below for information about all the activities that we and the Nordic Council of Ministers will arrange at the conference.
Conference on Men and Masculinity Studies
2014-05-26 | The 4 - 6 June there will be a large Nordic conference in the University of Iceland on men and masculinity studies entitled: Emerging ideas in masculinity research - Masculinity studies in the North.
Men are Dominating Nordic Media
2014-05-26 | While the Nordic countries are internationally renowned for their progress in gender equality, most top management positions in the media and communication industry are held by men. Printed news media is one example, as 58–100 per cent of all editors-in-chief are men. These and other figures can be found in a new fact sheet from Nordicom and Nordic Information on Gender – NIKK.
‘The culture we had to overcome was our own editorial office’
2014-05-22 | Sure, we might be more gender equal than many other countries in the world, but women are still under-represented in the media. Also, men hold most leading positions in the media industry. What can we do about it? This was the topic of the Nordic Gender & Media Forum in Bergen, Norway on 7 May.
Conference and Seminar on Gender Equality: Who Does What? Gender Segregation in the Labour Market and Division of Labour in the Home
2014-04-28 | How does gender segregation of the labour market and division of labour in the home effect gender equality? Why are there so few men in the fields of care and education? Why do men not take longer paternity leave? Do men participate at home or do women work part-time in order to make things work at home? Who is responsible for gender equality in the labour market and in the home? Does the labour market in rural areas take the needs of both men and women into consideration? These are among the questions discussed in The Nordic House in Torshavn on May 27th.
Article Series About Nordic Gender Equality Cooperation
2014-04-08 | A large number of organisations, government agencies, networks and businesses in the Nordic region work actively to further gender equality. They make assessments, contribute to the debate and promote change.
Our Future Relies on the Work of Women
2014-04-07 | More older and fewer younger citizens. In order for the Nordic welfare societies to respond to the needs of their citizens in the future, they need to utilise women better in the labour market.
Gender Equality Labelling of Nordic Schools?
2014-04-02 | In schools and preschools across the Nordic region, children and adolescents are often treated based on gender stereotypes, and tools to change this pattern are largely lacking. Against this background, the Nordic Council has decided on the possibility of introducing a system for ‘gender equality labelling’ of Nordic schools and preschools.
Methods to Prevent Domestic Violence not Always Used
2014-03-31 | Structured efforts to combat violence in close relationships may save lives, but a lot of work remains to be done in the Nordic countries. The prevention methods that have proved to be successful are often not used, says Helena Ewalds, who has led a Nordic project on risk assessment in domestic violence cases.
Gender Equality in the Nordic Mining Industry
2014-03-25 | The mining industry has long been characterised by macho masculinity and a rough-and-tough jargon. However, change is underway. Thirty-five years ago, only men were allowed to work underground. Today, the mining companies are actively recruiting women.
Requesting a broader approach to gender equality in the Nordic countries
2014-03-19 | The Nordic gender equality cooperation should not be limited to gender, but should also consider aspects such as ethnicity and sexual orientation. This is a recurring view in the questionnaire responses recently submitted to NIKK by 89 organisations and 389 individuals from all Nordic countries.
European Parliament wants to punish the clients of prostitution
2014-02-27 | EU countries should reduce the demand for prostitution by punishing the clients, not the prostitutes, says Parliament in a non-binding resolution passed on 26 February.
Apply for funding for gender equality co-operation
2014-02-25 | The Nordic Ministers for Gender Equality wish to stimulate Nordic co-operation in the area of gender equality within the framework of the Ministers’ co-operation programme and its prioritised action area. They have therefore appointed NIKK to manage the application process for the Nordic Funding Scheme.
Focus on gender equality in the media
2014-02-25 | The Nordic media industry – how gender equal is it and where are the good examples? These questions are addressed in the project Nordic Gender and Media Forum. ‘We should ask ourselves what kinds of problems media give attention to and who they present as heroes,’ says project leader Maria Edström.
Broad perspective at Nordiskt Forum
2014-02-21 | The first draft of the program for Nordiskt Forum Malmö 2014 is now released – New Action on Women’s Rights. Thousands of people together with star academics, top politicians, everyday heroes, researchers, activists, performers, cultural profiles and business leaders are expected to attend Nordiskt Forum in Malmö on 12-15 June, according to a press release from the organisers.
Nordic gender equality in New York
2014-02-10 | The Nordic countries have joined forces on gender equality for 40 years. The Nordic Council of Ministers for Gender Equality are celebrating this with a number of events in conjunction with the annual session of the UN Commission on the Status of Women (CSW) in New York, which opens on 10 March.
Gender equality in focus when Iceland takes over Nordic Council of Ministers
2014-02-05 | Income differences and gender equality in the western Nordic region are in focus when Iceland takes on the presidency of the Nordic Council of Ministers. This year marks the 40-year anniversary of the Nordic cooperation on gender equality. ‘We still have a lot to learn from each other,’ says Ingi Valur Jóhannsson.
The Nordic film industry remains male dominated
2014-01-31 | The Nordic film industry is still far from gender equal. New statistics presented at the Gothenburg Film Festival show that among the 98 Nordic films that premiered in 2012, only one had women in all key positions, behind and in front of the camera.
Gender and green growth “the Nordic Way”
2014-01-07 | “Women and men leave different ecological footprints. They approach environmental issues and sustainability in different ways. Their preferred means of transport vary, as do their ...
Time to step up. Nordicom launches a new platform for gender equality in the media
2013-12-18 | The media can hinder or hasten the development towards gender equality. Worldwide, only 24 percent of the news subjects are women. In Europe, only one in every ten box office films is directed by a woman and in advertisement and computer games there is an abundance of gender stereotypes. Is there a Nordic way to deal with these issues? Some media organizations in the Nordic Countries has managed better than others, why is that so? Where are the good strategies and the best practices to be found? These are some issues that will be discussed during a number of events during 2014.
NORA problematizes kings and princesses
2013-11-26 | Prison narratives, gendered perfumes and adoptees' identity work. Topics dealt with in the latest issue of Nora - Nordic Journal of Feminist and Gender Research.
Efforts for gender equality get Nordic support
2013-11-25 | Eleven Nordic activities will share 1.2 million Danish crowns. The Nordic Council of Ministers has made its decision about the Nordic funding scheme set up in 2013. A new announcement is coming in 2014.
Give feedback on the upcoming Nordic cooperation on gender equality
2013-11-21 | The Nordic Ministers of Gender Equality will develop a new cooperation program for the years 2015-2018. NIKK have been asked to collect views from organizations and individuals throughout the Nordic countries as a basis for co-operation program.
Mixed signals in Nordic prostitution policy
2013-11-14 | In Norway condoms are distributed to prostitutes, while in Sweden this runs counter to its zero-tolerance policy. The idea of a common Nordic model for dealing with prostitution is not reflected in practice.
Different Economic Effects of Part-Time Work for Women and Men
2013-10-22 | In Denmark and Norway, a few years of part-time work when the kids are small will not have a noticeable effect on a person’s pension. In Iceland, Sweden and Finland, however, it may make more of a difference. This is the conclusion of a new report from NIKK.
Nordic gender equality cooperation matter of life and death
2013-10-07 | - Gender equality is not a luxury problem, but a matter of life and death. That statement was delivered by Manu Sareen, Denmark's Minister for Gender Equality, as he opened the cross- Nordic Conference on the future of the Nordic Gender Equality cooperation.
Nordic Gender Equality Policy Has Been Europeanised
2013-09-25 | Gender equality policy in the Nordic countries has been influenced by the EU and become more focused on anti-discrimination and strengthening of human rights. This is the view of Johanna Kantola, researcher, who recently spoke at a conference at Stockholm University.
Which Nordic country is the most sustainable?
2013-09-17 | The Nordic Council of Ministers has just launched a new database on indicators for sustainability: www.norden.org/sdindicators. The new collection of indicators reflects a number of key challenges for the Nordic welfare societies, the gender pay gap included.
Nordic Council criticism of Russian legislation against homosexual propaganda
2013-08-29 | "The Russian law banning 'homosexual propaganda' goes against the Nordic Council's core values of democracy, equality and freedom of speech. The Nordic Council will continue to protest against this at every opportunity until we see a change", says Karin Åström, Northwest Russian Observer in the Nordic Council Presidium.
The Nordic region – a gender equality paradise?
2013-08-12 | Although the Nordic countries have been good about bringing more women into academic leadership positions, they are only at the EU level when it comes to the percentage of female professors.
Various Routes are Taken in Nordic Equal Opportunities Policy
2013-08-06 | The Nordic countries are often thought of as an ideal when it comes to gender equality and they are highly ranked in international comparisons. However, this does not reflect the whole truth about equality in the Nordic countries.
The Nordic region – a step closer to gender balance in research?
2013-07-10 | Nearly 80 per cent of all professors in the Nordic region are men. Gender balance in academia is therefore an important research policy issue. Hitherto it has been scarcely debated on a joint Nordic level. A new report from the Nordic Council of ministers shows the status and the development in the field.
Should Daddy Stay Home with the Baby?
2013-06-24 | Reserving some of the parental leave period for the father is currently a hot topic in all Nordic countries. The Norwegian right wing has announced that they will do away with the ‘daddy quota’ if they win the election, and in Denmark the government’s promise to introduce the policy was recently put off.
NIKK to explore the costs of part-time work
2013-01-31 | We already know that women work part-time more often than men, but how does it affect them economically? NIKK is determined to find an answer to this question as part of a Nordic project. The results will be presented in October at a conference in Stockholm.
Nordic jobs, funding and events
Thanks to our Nordic cooperation we can present three unique web portals for job openings, funding opportunities and events. GenderJob, GenderFund and GenderKalenderN have everything you need to find ...
“Difficult for women to combine family life with a career as a policewoman”
Women are largely absent at the managerial level of the Baltic and Nordic police forces. This can partly be attributed to the difficulty of combining family life with a career in the sector. In late May, a seminar on the situation in the Nordic and Baltic countries will be arranged in Riga.